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Terminology

Acquisitions: An ILS module dedicated to ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials.
 
Apache HTTP Server: Open source server software required by Evergreen and Koha.
 
Cataloging: An ILS module dedicated to classifying and indexing materials.
 
Circulation: An ILS module dedicated to lending materials to patrons and receiving them back.
 
Collective Access: OSS ILS developed for museums, archives, and digital collections.
 
Documentation: Online resources, usually in the form of a downloadable manual, than OSS communities make freely available to guide users in how to implement, use, and customize recent releases of a system.
 
Evergreen: Popular OSS ILS in the U.S. Especially common in library consortia because of its scalability.
 
ILS (Integrated Library System): A resource-based planning system for a library used to track items owned, orders made, bills paid, and patrons who have borrowed. Modules generally include acquisitions, cataloging, circulation, serials, and the OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog).
 
Kete: OSS for community digital libraries.
 
Koha: Popular OSS ILS in the U.S. Commonly used in smaller school and special libraries.
 
Kuali Open Library Environment (OLE) Project: OSS ILS developed specifically for academic and research libraries.
 
Linux: An open source operating system that is required for the installation of Evergreen and Koha. It comes in many varieties called distributions. These include Debian, Fedora, Red Hat, and Ubuntu.
 
NewGenLib (NGL): Another OSS ILS more popular outside the U.S.
 
OPAC (Online Public Access Catalog): An ILS module dedicated to creating a public interface for users.
 
OSS (Open Source Software): Computer software that is available in source code form, allowing users to study, change, improve, and distribute the software. It is usually developed collaboratively.
 
Scriblio: Combines OPAC functionality with a CMS (content management system).
 
SQL: A query language designed to manage data in a database management system. ILS systems use open source relational database management systems (RDBMS) to maintain and manipulate data. Evergreen uses PostgreSQL, while Koha uses MySQL for its database.
 
Serials: An ILS module dedicated to tracking magazine and newspaper holdings.